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Typical NL: Art and austerity

The men are in tweed with elbow patches, smoking cigars and stroking their beards. The women wear fur and extreme amounts of orange makeup. This is TEFAF, the annual Maastricht event founded in the 1980s and billing itself as ‘the world’s leading art and antiques fair’. One of this year’s main attractions: a Rembrandt dating from 1658.

‘Portrait of a Man with Arms Akimbo’ pictures an exotically dressed character who may or may not be a pirate. It could best be described as dark and moody, like most Dutch painting from the Golden Age. Dutch identity at the time was said to be characterised by austerity and modesty; fancy clothing and material goods were seen as objects of vanity, and as such, a no-no in polite society. And not much has changed: still today the Dutch express distaste for flashiness (those women in furs must be tourists, then).

Interestingly, however, many of the top painters of the time had lavish spending habits, including Rembrandt himself. He died exceedingly poor as a result, despite being one of the few Dutch Masters to enjoy popularity and success in his lifetime. He made good money painting landscapes, narratives and portraits (in his spare time he enjoyed painting himself pulling funny faces), but because they paid less he tended to avoid still-lifes (unless they involved dead birds and disembowelled corpses, which he appeared to relish).

Rembrandt’s artistic success, however, was offset by personal difficulties. Of his four children, three died as infants. Then his wife died, probably of tuberculosis, closely followed by his last remaining son. He then took his wife’s former nurse as a lover, but when this relationship soured he had to pay her alimony until he managed to have her committed to an asylum. Later, his second wife also died of tuberculosis. Meanwhile, his expensive lifestyle combined with bad investments saw him plagued by financial troubles; he would bid on his own works to drive the price up, and had his students copy his works to be sold as originals. Despite these efforts, when he died he was buried, penniless, in a rented grave.

‘Portrait of a Man with Arms Akimbo’ was last traded in London in 2009 for around £20 million. Recent owners include a supermarket chain heir and a casino owner, both Americans. Whether the piece will remain in the Netherlands after this TEFAF is yet to be seen – but given the €34 million asking price and that famed Dutch austerity, it would seem unlikely.


Alison Edwards



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