In the past, university councils were officially allowed to participate in decisions on nearly everything that affected their institutions. But since 1998 participation in university governance has been restricted to the right to make recommendations or give consent. This had been agreed earlier for higher professional education (HBO). The change made educational institutions more like businesses in terms of their governance structures.
According to GroenLinks party MP Lisa Westerveld, these days students and staff should really have more say in how their institution is run. Current legislation does not allow for this, however.
That’s why she submitted a motion calling on the government to enter into dialogue with researchers, faculty members and students about how to "modernise" the rules. In October her motion passed in the House of Representatives by a slim majority. Of the coalition parties, only D66 voted in favour. VVD, CDA and ChristenUnie do not support new regulations.
We support them, say the academic protest movement WOinActie and National Student Union LSVb. These two groups have teamed up with trade unions AOb and FNV to write a proposal for more participation in university governance.
Right now people in the workplace have too little input on decisions about how things run day-to-day, the proposal suggests. "University bureaucracy has become all-encompassing, and this obstructs participation."
These groups thus advocate for creating "participation from below". They also want to experiment with a mix of elected permanent council members and temporary members chosen by drawing lots.
In their "Participation 2.0” plan, decisions would be made at the lowest organisational level. Moreover, those in governance positions – from department heads to members of the executive board – would be elected. Other staff, and not just professors, would also be able to nominate themselves for posts.
As far as these groups are concerned, representatives should also have a say in decisions on a greater range of topics, or at least be able to submit proposals. And not only about academic guidelines, exam regulations and the main points of the budget, but about all issues related to core tasks like teaching and research.
"Students and faculty members are the ones most involved in teaching, making them the experts," Freya Chiappino, vice-chair of LSVb, explains. But, in her opinion, the current system just does not allow enough room for participation. She expects that if improvements are made to the way participation functions, student involvement will grow.
And that is really needed, because enthusiasm for the current system isn't exactly spilling over. The average election turnout for representatives on participation bodies has been declining for years. Sometimes elections are even cancelled because there aren't enough candidates.
In an interview with HOP in February, MP Westerveld also said that turnout percentages would really improve if participation bodies had more influence.
HOP, Evelien Flink